Bitcoin Mining Explanation, Pros And Cons

 Bitcoin supply is limited to 21 million coins, but not all  were released when Bitcoin was launched in 2009. Since the first Bitcoin block, "Genesis Block," about 18 million Bitcoins out of 21 million Bitcoins have been in circulation. Reach says it was mined by Satoshi Nakamoto. New gold is also on the market from the mining industry, but with gold it is impossible to know exactly how much has not been discovered and mined yet. 

 New Bitcoin will be discovered and will be available for purchase and sale through a digital mining process that uses algorithms to discover unique hashes (very long sequences of numbers and letters) of new blocks. A block is just a group of transactions that occur within a particular time frame, and new blocks are always available. 

 Each block found in the mining process unlocks a set amount of Bitcoin. This  rewards people who discover new blocks and make new Bitcoins available to buyers. There is no rhyme or reason behind the hash of each block, so the miner sets the computer to generate a lot of guesses per second in an attempt to  guess these random codes. 

 miners use powerful computers called "nodes" to search  and discover new blocks. Anyone can become a Bitcoin miner using the free software available on, but running such a computer  consumes a lot of memory and energy. Anyone who first guesses the 

 code  gets the right to create the next block  and collects a transaction fee when  Bitcoin is bought or sold. “Each new block has a treasure chest, and among them is the block reward, which is a  free Bitcoin on the market,” says Reach. 

 This mining process is another factor that contributes to the drastic fluctuations of Bitcoin in our daily lives. Today, according to Reach, about 900 Bitcoins are mined every day. But there`s a cyclical trend called “halving” written into Bitcoin`s original code. Every four years, the amount of new Bitcoin entering circulation every day gets halved. 

 The last halving was in 2020, so in April or May of 2024 the amount of Bitcoin entering circulation each day will be reduced again. The reduction will keep happening until the last Bitcoin is mined, which is predicted to happen in the year 2140, says Leech. 

 This halving has happened three times since Bitcoin was introduced, with its adoption rising all the while. Therefore, it is difficult to determine the half impact on the price of Bitcoin. Bitcoin's value surged in the first half of 2012, but the second half of 2016 saw the first decline before it bounced back. One-third of May 2020 did not significantly affect the price of Bitcoin, which has maintained record highs since the second half of 2020. For every halves, the market volatility with respect to the Bitcoin price increases. “It's essentially deflation,” says Reach. 

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